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The Fusee Wall Clock

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In the late 1700′s British clock production consisted virtually entirely of longcase and bracket clocks, which were only affordable to the wealthy and were essentially domestic clocks.
 

What was increasingly needed in the burgeoning industrial revolution period was a simple, functional clock for ‘non-domestic’ situations. Enter the fusee dial clock C.1775.
 
These had a robust, plain, spring driven movement (usually timepiece only), with a fusee for good timekeeping, and large, easily read dial and hands. The clock movement was a housed in a simple wooden box, behind a round, glazed dial. The escapement rapidly changed from Verge to Anchor, and the dial also rapidly changed from silvered brass to painted wood and finally to painted iron.
 
Whilst there were minor case and bezel changes, the basic design remained unchanged until the 1970′s! Often called railway or school clocks these fusee dial clocks virtually ran industrialised Britain, countless thousands controlling the railways alone. Dial sizes commonly ran from 8″ to 18″, but by far the most common was 12″. Many early clocks had convex dials.
 
Variants include the rare Georgian octagonal and drum cased versions, and many ‘Drop-dial’ versions were made with extended back boxes containing a longer pendulum, which gave improved timekeeping and a surface begging for decoration with brass inlays, windows or carved decoration.

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